To the North of Hofi Mango lies a large system of 'rooien' (riverbeds) that transport the rainwater from the mountains in that area through Hofi Mango to the bay of Santa Krus. The result is an area that for a large part of the year can be green. On the topographical map made by Kadaster in 1993 this area is for that reason indicated as green. But this year we have a long and very dry period since the end of March and most plants have gone into a state that allows them to survive this drought. So most of the trees dropped their leaves except for the Manzaliña trees that are many in this area and the Century plant that is in bloom in this period (see picture).
We had permission from the owners to park our cars in Hofi Mango. From there Fred, Carel, Eddy and I crossed the street and entered the area. This is also a well-known indian site. Lots of historical shells and also ceramic pot shards can be found on and along the path.
Soon we found the first waterworks in this area, two water tanks. Strange in the sense that these are built halfway beneath groundlevel. Other water tanks that we find are built on top of the ground. I don't know the reason for this exception but it has some disadvantages. The pressure from the outside earth was apparently too much for the sides and they caved in. The watertanks are built with concrete blocks made from finger coral which was used before Shell arrived on the island. So these tanks are apparently from the beginning of the last century.
Closeby we found a modern deepwell with the number 12100.
A bit farther we found a rectangular well made from the same concrete blocks as the water tanks so probably from the same period.
Noticable was the fact that the drought is taking its toll. There were a lot of dead iguanas and even a kitten. The kitten probably died in the last 24 hours because it was still completely intact and looked so alive that I touched it to check it for live signs. But it was already stiff. We also found the skull of a deer but that was probably from longer ago. But there are also positive signs; apparently there is still some water deep in the ground. Manzaliña still have their leaves. We found a Tamarind tree with green leaves and ripe fruits. A bit sour because the lack of sufficient water but still edible. Another Tamarind tree was not that lucky. It had a lot of large fungi on the stem and was obviously dying. Large branches were lying on the ground, broken off and fallen down from the tree. But we still trusted it enough to sit under it to take our apple break.
After the break we followed our track through the main rooi in the direction of a hill. South-east of that hill we found an interesting dam structure. Strangely enough it is not a dam that has the same height over the full width but it has a V-shaped dip in the middle of the dam. According to Gerard van Buurt this dam was built in 1974 and its purpose was to measure the flow of water in the rooi. In the past there were some instruments placed to register the flow and also the amount of rainfall. And possibly the ground water levels were checked in the small deepwell or the empty square well. The monitoring took place over 7 years. But in that whole period only once the water flowed over this dam. So the conclusion was that the underground is very porous which causes the water to drop quickly trough the surface layer and to flow mainly underground towards the bay of Santa Crus. Only after very heavy rainfall there is water flowing through the rooi. After reaching this conclusion the monitoring was not continued.
It was getting late (close to eleven) so we decided, before we would go back, to go to the top of the hill to check for a red dot on the Werbata map. A red dot means that there was a stone structure when this map was made in the beginning of the 20th century. But we didn't find anything. Fred was here before with François and also then they didn't find anything.
After a short break we took the same route back to the square well. From there we followed a path that was indicated on the Kadaster map from 1993. This concluded our hike for this day.
No rights can be derived from this report.
- In blue our track on the topographical map from 1993 In blue our track on the topographical map from 1993
- A water tank; rather modern A water tank; rather modern
- Partly built underneath the earth; the pressure was too much for this wall Partly built underneath the earth; the pressure was too much for this wall
- A second water tank A second water tank
- Outside of the second water tank Outside of the second water tank
- We are at a known indian site (C-004) We are at a known indian site (C-004)
- A modern deepwell; number 12100 A modern deepwell; number 12100
- A large mushroom A large mushroom
- Some fungi on a tree Some fungi on a tree
- The skull of a deer The skull of a deer
- Eddy sitting on the corner of a square well Eddy sitting on the corner of a square well
- The well is completely dry The well is completely dry
- Bromelias on the side of the roi Bromelias on the side of the roi
- One of the many Manzaliña trees in this area One of the many Manzaliña trees in this area
- This tamarind tree has lots of ripe fruits This tamarind tree has lots of ripe fruits
- The sleuths in the roi The sleuths in the roi
- Eddy is climbing the side of the roi Eddy is climbing the side of the roi
- A dry Brasilwood (Dyewood) tree A dry Brasilwood (Dyewood) tree
- This large Tamarind tree is dying This large Tamarind tree is dying
- This large fungus is causing its dead This large fungus is causing its dead
- Nice rock formations along the roi Nice rock formations along the roi
- An experimental dam in the roi An experimental dam in the roi
- One if the sides of the dam One if the sides of the dam
- A measuring pole next to the dam A measuring pole next to the dam
- The height is measured in decimeters The height is measured in decimeters
- The very poisonous fruits of the Makurá The very poisonous fruits of the Makurá
- The tiny flower of the Puta di luango The tiny flower of the Puta di luango
- A low-hanging nest of the Trupial kacho A low-hanging nest of the Trupial kacho
- Century plants with a Brasilwood Century plants with a Brasilwood
- The flowering stem of the Century plant The flowering stem of the Century plant
- Flowers of the Century plant Flowers of the Century plant
- Flowers of the Century plant Flowers of the Century plant
- Flowers of the Century plant (detail) Flowers of the Century plant (detail)
- The drought causes a nice contrast between the leaves and the thorns of the Century plant The drought causes a nice contrast between the leaves and the thorns of the Century plant