Former village near plantation house Klein St Martha

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Klein Santa Martha 20141113 068 smallOpposite the country house Klein St Martha a village is visible on the topographical map from the beginning of the 20th century. Like most villages from that time this one consisted of some small stone-made houses but mostly houses built from a framework of branches covered with mud. As time goes by not much remains from this kind of houses. Artifacts are the only things that remain from such a village and possibly some foundations. But it is always nice to find proof of a former village so the archaeology sleuths went to this area for an investigation. We were allowed to park our cars at the beautifully restored plantation house of Klein St. Martha. This plantation house is now in use as a small but exclusive hotel and restaurant.

First we took a good look at the plantation house. A beautiful house at a perfect location. The view over the bay of Groot St. Martha completes it nicely. To the East the plantation house of Groot St. Martha is visible and to the West the plantation house of San Nicolaas. Plantation houses were always built in view of each other so that in case of emergency at least one other plantation house could be reached or warned.

From there we crossed the road and went to the former magazina (storage building). This building got another purpose afterwards but is currently once again empty.
Closeby we found a stone structure hidden in the bushes. Even after clearing some of the vegetation we were not able to determine what it was. It consisted of a wall with connected a small halfround stone structure. That last part could have been a well although it was a bit small for that purpose.

Then we entered the area of the former village. Apart from a pungent smell coming from a dead pig we found immediately a lot of artifacts; parts of old bottles and jars, some iron artifacts and also earthenware. More than enough proof of former habitation. Only at one place we found some traces of a foundation. An adjoining area was almost completely devoid of artifacts, so probably this part has been cleared in the past.

When we started looking for a tanki that was indicated on the Werbata map we found a large round stone structure almost at the exact location of the tanki. The structure was too large to be a well; it was completely filled up with earth. At one place in the side near the top and also at that same place on the top of the structure we found roof tiles embedded in the plaster. Also something that could have been an overflow. On one side there was a larger foundation extending from the structure. Maybe that foundation was the stone dam that was visible on the map. The large round structure is maybe built later at the location of the tanki; maybe some accident has happened in the past and as a precaution the structure was filled up with earth. But this all is a guess.

We went on in the direction of the hofi where we encountered some very dense vegetation that prevented us from going in the direction that we had wanted. The hofi has a lot of large mango trees some of which bear fruit at the moment. A good place for our tradtional apple break.

Because of the vegetation we had no other choice than to go back from where we came. Back at the road we went to the bay where normally fisherboats can be found. None were there at the moment.

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