Savonet - small houses opposite the plantation house

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Savonet huisjes 20140703 054 smallOn the Werbata topographical map, produced in 1906, a number of wooden houses (black squares) and also stone houses (red aquares) can be seen opposite the entrance of the Christoffel park. The wooden houses are partly inside the park; the stone houses are outside the park to the East of the restaurant Trio Penotti.
Last time we saw some artifacts close to the park road so on Thursday  July 3, 2014 we went looking for the remnants of these houses.

We parked the cars in the parking lot of the Christoffel park and went into the park by foot. As soon as we entered the dirt road we saw on the left side of that road the first foundation. Although the Werbata map shows wooden houses often these were built on a stone foundation. That stone foundation is still partly there. And because this foundation remnant covers quite a large area I have marked it on the map as 1 or more houses.

In the neighborhood we found a lot of bottles, a metal pot, parts of roof tiles and a petroleum lamp. And also a second foundation with some walls. In this foundation we found the date 1959. This is probably the date that one of the houses got an addition. This and a lot of the bottles we found suggest that these house were still inhabited around the fifties of last century.
Based on the map we expected to find more houses on the other side of the dirt road so we entered the vegetation there. There were a lot of pillar cacti. Often these are indications of former habitation. We found a lot of artifacts, mostly bottles. A very interesting find was a fluorescent tube. This could indicate that these houses have had electricity.

On top of the hill we found pieces of another foundation; there we also found a tiny bottle with a plastic cap produced by Brockway and a very large bottle of Erven Lucas Bols. Apparently living on the hill made the people very thirsty. This is the largest gin bottle I have ever seen. The plastic cap on the small bottle again suggests that these artifacts were left here around the fifties of last century.
After a rest we went back to the park road. Close to the exit we entered the vegetation once again because the map shows a block of 4 wooden houses there. Two of these houses are located where now the road is. From the other two houses we found only traces of a floor and a lot of artifacts (large hinge, parts of gin jars, parts of earthenware pots and part of a cup).

We left the park and went to the location where the map shows a block of 18 stone houses in three rows of 6 houses. These houses are still there and a few are still inhabited. But most are in ruins. In one of the houses we found roof tiles made by Guichard Carvin & Cie from Marseille. This factory existed from 1880 - 1914, so this are the original roof tiles used for these houses.
Behind these houses there is a wooden house and in the back of this wooden house there is a large dam. This dam is not shown on the Werbata map and also not on the topographical map of 1962. It is present on the topographical map of 1993. Apparently an oversight of Werbata and Kadaster because this dam is definitely much older than 1993.

This completed our archaeological hike for this day.

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